Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.
IVF is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a liquid in a laboratory.
Pre-conception counseling (also called pre-conceptual counseling) is a meeting with a health-care professional (generally a physician or midwife) by a woman before attempting to become pregnant. It generally includes a pre-conception risk assessment for any potential complications of pregnancy.
Egg donation is the process by which a woman donates eggs to enable another woman to conceive as part of an assisted reproduction treatment or for biomedical research.
Embryo donation is a form of third party reproduction. It is defined as the giving—generally without compensation—of embryos remaining after one couple’s in vitro fertilisation to either another person or couple for implantation or to research.
Endoscopic SURGERY for Infertility
A diagnostic laparoscopy is indicated for the investigation of tubal and pelvic function related to female infertility, in particular when associated with endometriosis or tubal disease.
Sonography for Fertility
First, an infertility ultrasound will verify that the uterus and both ovaries are present. A common abnormal finding on an infertility ultrasound is ovarian cysts. Most often, ovarian cysts are simply evidence of a growing egg or evidence of recent ovulation.
Gamete intrafallopian transfer A technique in which the sperm and oocyte required to begin formation of a human embryo are injected into a woman’s fallopian tubes of the female for fertilization. This technique is one of the methods doctors use to overcome infertility, the inability of couples to produce offspring on their own.